Mustang is one of the representatives of Classic American muscle cars. It is the brightest one among the American classical muscle cars in the history. It is not only a car, but also the symbol of American spirit: desire for liberty and courage to face challenge.
Mustang became one of the representatives of Classic American muscle cars with its powerful shape and power system. Though it doesn’t have the largest horsepower, and also is not the best-sold car, but Mustang is the reflection of American automobile culture and humanistic culture, not only because it’s made by America, but also that it’s American’s eager for freedom and courage for challenges that created Mustang.
The Third Generation( 1979-1993)
Due to the success of the previous two generations, Ford can’t wait to launch the third generation of Mustang ( Mustang III) only four years after the second generation. In 1979, a new Mustang based on a brand-new platform was born. As it used a respectively larger Fox platform, the appearance of this new car was conspicuously different from the previous two generations, meanwhile the inner decoration design focus more on comfortableness.
From 1983, Ford began to modify the Mustang III, adjusting the appearance and inside decorations. The front face of the new car was changed most obviously. The air-inlet grille was half-cover style, and the taillights and the front bumper were in new shape, with an additional Chrome trim, making the new Mustang has a sense of line and luxury.
Mustang III retains the 2.3L straight 4 engine, 2.8L V6 engine and 5.0L V8 engine of the second generation. In late 1979, the 2.8L V6 was replaced by the 3.3L straight 6 and a 2.3T turbocharged engine was added. In 1980, in response to the second oil shock, Ford replace the 5.0-L V8 of Mustang III with a 4.2-L V8 engine, making it the least-powerful V8 ever in a Mustang car. As the oil crisis receded, the 3.3-L straight six engine was replaced by a 3.8-L V6 engine.
In 1987, Ford conducted the second modification on Mustang III. This time different models had different styles, but the Mustang characteristics were remained in them. And V6 engine is still been used in this modification, which were gradually eliminated by the market at that time.
In 1993, Mustang III came to an end. This generation of Mustang lasted for over 15 years, which is the longest in the history of Mustang family. More than 2.6 million of Mustang were sold, which was no doubt a huge success at that time.
The Fourth Generation ( 1993-2004)
The research and development of Ford Mustang IV lasted for 2 decades from the 1970s to the middle of the 1990s, during which the economy of America experienced ups and downs, meanwhile consumers’ demand for cars changed dramatically. Ford spent 0.7 billion on improving the Mustang IV and making it more powerful, more comfortable, more stable, easier to control and safer. Eventually Mustang IV was popular and praised after releasing in October, 1993, and won the “ Car of the Year” of Motor Trend in 1994.
Ford upgraded the Fox platform to give the Mustang IV a distinct difference from its predecessor in terms of look, interior and power train. Mustang IV uses a front McPherson suspension with anti-roll bars and a rear four-link suspension structure. And from this generation of models, four wheel brake system has become standard, ABS system can also be optional.
Ford has launched a number of high performance and limited edition versions of this model, including the powerful 1994 Mustang GT version with its 158kW(215Ps) 5.0-L V8 engine, which can achieve 100km acceleration in just 6.5 seconds.
In 1996, Ford replaced the 5.0L OHV V8 engine that had worked for many years with the 4.6L SOHC V8 engine, which worked more smoothly.
Between 1994 and 1999, Ford's SVT department introduced a higher-performance version of the GT car ----- SVT Cobra. From 1994 to 1995, equipped with 5.0L V8 engine, the maximum power increased to 164kW(225Ps) and 393Nm compared with GT; When the new 4.6L V8 was introduced in 1996, the maximum power had been increased to 224kW(305Ps) and the peak torque was 406Nm.
In 1993, Ford established the Special Vehicle Team, short as SVT. At the beginning, this team wasn’t called SVT, but SVO ----- Special Vehicle Operations, therefore some of the high-performance versions of Mustang before 1993 were developed by this department.
In 1999, Ford used some design elements of FOCUS and modified Mustang IV, making it look sharper and more powerful. The V8 engine of this high-performance Cobra R car had the power output of 235kW(320Ps) and 429Nm. In 2003, Ford upgraded Cobra R again and added a mechanical supercharging to the V8 engine, with the power output increased to 287 kW(390Ps) and 529Nm.
The Fifth Generation ( 2004-2014 )
The design of the fifth-generation Mustang corresponded to the optimism of the American people at the beginning of the 21st century. It had a lot of traits of the original Mustang, which reminds people of the prosperous "golden age". The overall futuristic design of this car let people see the hope of future. It is for this reason that Mustang V became Hollywood directors’ favorite car prop, and the image of this car also left an indelible impression to the car fans with the global popularity of Hollywood movies.
To extend the legend of Mustang, Ford abandoned the two rear-guard platforms, improved the car significantly on the base of DEW platform, and named it D2C platform. That was the first time Mustang was developed on an exclusive individual platform since the birth of Mustang.
The new Mustang used a 4.0-L SOHC V6 engine instead of the 3.8-L OHV V6 engine of the previous generation. The new engine has a maximum power of 154kW(210Ps)/5300rpm, a peak torque of 325Nm/3500rpm, and a 100km acceleration time of 7.3 seconds. The fifth-generation Mustang base model comes standard with a Tremec T-5 5-gear manual transmission, and a 5R55S 5-gear automatic transmission is optional.
The Mustang GT is powered by a 4.6L 24V SOHC V8 all-aluminium engine. The new engine has a variable valve timing system, a maximum power of 220kW(300Ps), a maximum torque of 433Nm, and a modified TR-3650 5-gear manual transmission, which provides a 100km acceleration time of 4.9 seconds and a quarter-mile sprint time of 13.5 seconds.
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